Atopic Dermatitis (AD) or Eczema
Atopic Dermatitis: The dermatologists at MetroDerm, P.C. in Atlanta, GA, are experienced at treating eczema. This is a common skin condition which goes by several different names:
- Atopic (a-top-ic) eczema
- Atopic dermatitis
Most dermatologists refer to it as atopic dermatitis (AD). Approximately 17.8 million Americans have atopic dermatitis, which often appears as a red, itchy rash normally on the cheeks, arms, and legs. People with allergies such as asthma and hay fever or those with a family history are most likely to develop AD.
Symptoms of AD
- Dry/scaly skin
- A rash on arms, legs, or face
- Open sores during flare-ups
Children and AD
Children can get AD during their first year of life. If a child gets AD during this time, dry and scaly patches appear on the skin. These patches often appear on the scalp, forehead, and cheeks. No matter where it appears, AD is itchy. Infants who have it rub their skin against bedding or carpeting to relieve the itch, which can be so intense the child cannot sleep. The scratching can lead to skin infections. Fortunately, many children outgrow the condition.
AD can be long-lasting. It is important to get it correctly diagnosed and to learn how to manage the condition. Treatment and good skin care can alleviate much of the discomfort. There is no known cause of atopic dermatitis. It is believed that a combination of genetics and environmental factors are involved. When something from outside the body triggers the immune system, the skin cells don’t behave like they should, and this causes the skin to flare up.
Atopic dermatitis does run in families, but the exact way it is passed from parents to children is unknown. If one parent has AD, asthma, or hay fever, there’s about a 50% chance that the child will have at least one of these conditions. If both parents have one or more, the chances are much greater that their child will. The condition seems to be more common in urban areas and developed countries affecting men and women of all races equally. The good news is AD is not contagious.
Eczema vs. Atopic Dermatitis
Atopic dermatitis is a severe type of eczema. People with AD may experience a number of different sensitivities. There are other types of eczema that cause itching and redness, but some will also cause the skin to blister, “weep,” or peel. There are several types of eczema/dermatitis. The only way to be sure that you or your child has this condition and what type it is, is to make an appointment with one of the dermatologists at MetroDerm, P.C.
Learn to Manage Your Condition
The key to skin health with AD is good management. The doctors at MetroDerm, P.C. will help you figure out what triggers a flare up and give you a treatment regime to get you back in the “pink” as soon as possible.
Common Atopic Dermatitis Triggers
- Everyday products can cause reactions
- Extremes in temperature
- Seasonal pollen
Help Control Atopic Dermatitis
- Be consistent with your skin care, bathing, and moisturizing
- Avoid your triggers
- Try not to scratch or rub your skin
- Wear soft clothing that will not irritate your skin
- Avoid common allergens
Treatment for Atopic Dermatitis
Once your condition is diagnosed, your dermatologist will prescribe medicine based on the severity of your problem: topical medications, phototherapy, immune-suppressing drugs, or biologics. Trust the experienced physicians at MetroDerm, P.C.. They know the latest treatments and medications for AD and will give you the help you need to clear up your skin and get relief.
Call to make an appointment if you think you are suffering from atopic dermatitis or eczema. MetroDerm has locations in Alpharetta, Atlanta, Hiram and Lilburn which are convenient for those who live in Powder Springs, Vinings, Brookhaven, and Marietta, GA.